History of the Piano
The Complete Piano History Story
Take a look back at the history of the piano, from its humble beginnings to its modern incarnation as the world's most popular instrument. The first piano was invented in Florence in the 17th century by Giovanni Cristofori, a craftsman who repaired harpsichords for Italy's royal court. Over the years he experimented with the construction of the instrument, which became more and more popular with the upper classes. His invention was a simple keyboard, which he called a gravicembalo or keyboard instrument, "soft and loud," named after the different dynamic levels that the strings produce when they vibrate and are beat with a small mallet covered in deerskin. Originally the piano was called gravicembalo col piano e forte, which roughly translates as "soft and loud keyboard instrument," but over time the name was shortened to pianoforte.
Inspired by harpsichords and driven by the construction of more sophisticated keyboard instruments, he created the first piano still known today in the 17th century. The piano was first created in the early 17th century and has made a great contribution to modern classical music. The harpsichord originated as a keyboard instrument, which morphed into the first grand piano in Europe, the Pianooforte, at the beginning of the 17th century. After the first piano came into the limelight, many people began to build pianos according to Cristofori's design for the instrument. Gottfried Silbermann, for example, has added to the grand piano the forerunner of the damper pedal that can be found in modern pianos. The piano is one of our most popular instruments and it also makes for a beautiful piece of furniture that looks tasteful at home. The grand piano was invented in the 18th century by Bartolomeo Cristofori, discovered in his house in Naples in 1797. His great great grandson, Nicholi, was an early investor. The fortepiano, commonly known simply as the piano, is one of the most popular instruments in the world, but the instrument is actually hundreds of years old. Around this time, the piano music tables also developed into the 12-tone patterns that are used in modern music today. In the course of time our world has changed beyond recognition, so how has the piano developed as an instrument?
Piano Keyboard & Church Organ
Sometime in the early 14th century, someone decided to take a piano keyboard from a church organ and attach it to the strings of a harp. The harpsichord ranged from clavichords to harpsichords, which eventually led to the first fortepiano of the 17th century. The Italian harpsichord maker Giovanni, a pianist and composer, is said to have built the fortepiano at the end of the 16th century. The fortepiano took its name from the harpsichord, which enabled the player to control the volume and softness of the notes by hitting the keys. The piano, however, was not replaced until the late 16th and early 17th centuries, at least in the United States. Playing the piano often required the use of ten fingers and sometimes feet, and it was played in a variety of styles, such as classical, classical, folk, jazz, blues, pop, rock, opera or even classical music.
Used in Many, Many Cultures
The piano has survived over three hundred years of history and has been inhabited by many different cultures, from the Middle Ages to the 19th century. The first known keyboard instrument, the harpsichord or harp - similar to the keyboard - was invented in ancient Greece in the 3rd century. Although the piano was originally called the "harpsichord," its use as a musical instrument dates back at least two centuries. Although the piano can trace its history back to the pipe organ, it is a member of another sound production family, since it uses the vibrations of the strings, not the air. The Greek word means "sound string" and was first referred to as harpsichord or harp, a combination of "harp" and "pianoforte" ("string instrument").
Myth of the Organ Connection to the Piano
The organ, however, has almost nothing to do with the piano and is a wind keyboard, and it is probable that the use of keys to produce music in the Middle Ages was popularized by the organ, which forced the invention of various types of keyboard instruments. In the 14th century a new type of instrument appeared in Europe called clavichord or "clavicord" (a combination of harp and keyboard). Although nobody knows exactly when the first keyboard instrument with strings was invented, it was made in the late Middle Ages, although it is known that it was probably invented at the same time as the organ. The clavichord has a similar effect to the piano, but the sound it produces is much more powerful and difficult to play in concert. This gives us a deep insight into the history of the early pianos, and we can hear the differences between the instruments as they were developed.